Security is generally defined as a state of feeling secure, free from fear, anxiety, danger and doubts. It means protection or defence against violence, attacks, interference, espionage and provides procedures for protection against all types of crime and hazards, thereby providing certainty and tranquility.
In today’s fast moving and rapidly changing world the above mentioned classical meaning of security has become limited. Now Security and its derivative protection systems guard persons and property against a broad range of hazards including crime, fire and its attendant risks (explosions), accidents, disaster, espionage, sabotage, subversion, civil disturbances, bombing both actual and threatened and attack by external enemies.
Terrorism is not a new phenomena. It has expanded its “primary targets”, to include prominent element of Public and Private businesses, Industries and both Government and Semi Government establishments in the web of extortion, dacoities, murders, kidnapping and violence. This has led to a breakdown in law and order and an un-parallel upsurge in crime, combined with a marked deterioration in the efficiency of public law enforcement agencies, fire suppression and other related departments etc. and has created a greater demand for increased security and protection for both business and home.
Importance of Security is one of the essential elements for socio economic development, as well as to maintain a good moral and psychological atmosphere in an organization, factory, or any other establishment. No organization can guarantee its well being, prosperity and tranquility by pursuing it policies at the “cost of security”. An efficient Security System provides congenial working condition, conducive to ensuring a high standard of efficiency and production, with resultant, ‘profitability’.